Compare and contrast is a useful skill in itself when it comes to analysing different items or groups of items. It is also a very common exam question in lots of subjects at Key Stages 4 and 5. As a result you should develop your abilities starting in Year 7 and aim to make progress to a more independent and detailed approach by the time you have to tackle the more demanding exam questions. A progression map showing a suggested route of progression is available below.

Here are a few definitions to clarify what we mean by compare and contrast:

Compare – to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences; to compare two pieces of literary work (Webster’s. p 416).

Contrast – to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures, purposes, etc., of: Contrast the political rights of Romans and Greeks (Webster’s. p 442).

Compare and Contrast Progression Map

A Common Approach